Machine-made carpets are tufted, woven, knitted, flocked or needle-punched. Most commonly tufting is used for machine-made carpets. Tufted carpets are made on machines where the yarn is stitched through a pre-constructed backing to form a loop or a tuft. To hold the loops in place, the back side of the carpet is coated with latex.

Tufting is the most inexpensive and fastest ways to manufacture a rug. Weavers can also control the tuft size making it possible to create carpets with varying patterns or surface textures.
The crafts men and women that make the hand knotted oriental rugs and carpets are using skills that have been handed down generation after generation. These skills determine the fine quality of a finished oriental rug. Here we will briefly explore some of the techniques used to produce the different carpets.
Where are Persian carpets made? The term ‘Persian’ carpets applies to all hand knotted carpets produced in Iran. The majority of oriental carpets, among them the finest of their kind, come From Iran.
How are Persian carpets made? Persian and all other oriental carpets – apart from kelims – consist of three elements, the warp, pile and weft.