The art of manufacturing carpets was introduced in India, probably by the great mogul Akbar (1556-1605) which brought in Persian weavers together with skilled pattern artists mainly for producing carpets for his palace.
During the 16th, 17th and 18th century many fine carpets were woven here made of the finest sheep wool and silk, with Persian patterns. The quality sank during the 19th century and right up to the middle of the 20th century, except some smaller productions in the cities of Srinagar, Amritsar and Agra.
After Indias independence in 1947 the commercial manufacturing had a reawakening. Even if most of the weavers moved to Pakistan,
they were up and running again thanks to the concentration on education of youths, men and women.
Hand knotted carpets and rugs, mainly of Persian design, are woven round the towns of Varanasi, Mirzapur and Bhadohi and silk hand knotted in Kashmir. Materials Warp – Cotton, Weft – Cotton and Pile – Wool. Materials for silk Warp – Silk or cotton, Weft – Silk or cotton and Pile – Silk.